Kuitanitsa ndi kutumiza ku China m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino ndichopitilira zomwe msika ungayembekezere

Ntchito zogulitsa ndi kutumiza ku China m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino zinali zopitilira msika, makamaka kuyambira 1995, malinga ndi zomwe zidatulutsidwa ndi General Administration of Customs pa Marichi 7. Kuphatikiza apo, malonda aku China ndi omwe akuchita nawo malonda akuwonjezeka kwambiri, kuwonetsa kuti mgwirizano wa China ndi chuma cha padziko lonse lapansi wakula kwambiri. Reuters yanena kuti China idakwanitsa kuthana ndi mliriwu, ndipo malamulo azida zakutulutsira kunja akupitilizabe. Kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira zodzipatula kunyumba m'maiko ambiri kwadzetsa kubuka kwa kufunikira kwa zinthu zogulira zapakhomo ndi zamagetsi, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti kutsegulidwa kwa malonda akunja aku China mu 2021. Komabe, General Administration of Customs idanenanso kuti mavuto azachuma padziko lapansi zovuta komanso zovuta, ndipo malonda akunja aku China ali ndi njira yayitali yoti achite.

Kukula kwachangu kwazogulitsa kunja kuchokera 1995

Malinga ndi chidziwitso cha General Administration of Customs, mtengo wonse wogulitsa katundu ku China ndikutumiza kunja kwa miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino ndi 5.44 trilioni yuan, chiwonjezeko cha 32.2% munthawi yomweyi chaka chatha. Pakati pawo, kutumizira kunja kunali 3.06 trilioni yuan, mpaka 50.1%; kuitanitsa kunali yuan 2.38 trilioni, mpaka 14.5%. Mtengo waphatikizidwa ndi madola aku US, ndipo kuchuluka kwathunthu ku China ndikutumiza kunja kwawonjezeka ndi 41.2% m'miyezi iwiri yapitayo. Pakati pawo, kutumiza kunja kudakwera ndi 60.6%, kulowetsa kunja kudakwera ndi 22.2%, ndipo kutumizira kunja kudakwera ndi 154% mu February. AFP yatsindika mu lipoti lake kuti ikukula mwachangu kwambiri ku China komwe adatumiza kunja kuyambira 1995.

ASEAN, EU, United States ndi Japan ndiomwe amagulitsa kwambiri China kuyambira Januware mpaka February, ndikuwonjezeka kwa 32.9%, 39.8%, 69.6% ndi 27.4% mu RMB motsatana. Malinga ndi General Administration of Customs, zomwe China zidatumiza ku United States zidakwana 525.39 biliyoni, zomwe ndi 75.1% m'miyezi iwiri yapitayo, pomwe zotsalira zamalonda ndi United States zinali yuan 33.44 biliyoni, kuchuluka kwa 88.2%. Nthawi yomweyi chaka chatha, kulowetsa ndi kutumiza pakati pa China ndi United States kudatsika ndi 19.6%.

Mwambiri, kulowetsa ndi kutumiza kwa China m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino sikuti kudangodutsa nthawi yomweyo ya chaka chatha, komanso kudakwera pafupifupi 20% poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi mu 2018 ndi 2019 chisanayambike. Huojianguo, Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti wa World Trade Organisation Association of China, adauza dziko lonse lapansi pa Marichi 7 kuti kugula ndi kutumiza kunja kwa China kunachepa m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chatha chifukwa cha mliriwu. Kutengera ndi otsika kwambiri, kutumizira ndi kutumiza kunja kwa chaka chino kuyenera kukhala ndi magwiridwe antchito, koma zomwe zatulutsidwa ndi General Administration of Customs zidapitilira ziyembekezo.

Zogulitsa ku China zidakwera m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino, zomwe zikuwonetsa kufunikira kwakukulu kwa zinthu zopangidwa, ndipo zapindula ndi kuchepa kwa maziko chifukwa cha kuchepa kwachuma nthawi yomweyo chaka chatha, kuwunika kwa Bloomberg kunatero. General Administration of Customs ikukhulupirira kuti kuchuluka kwa malonda akunja aku China akunja ndi kutumiza kunja kwa miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ndichodziwikiratu, "osafooka panthawi yopuma", yomwe ikupitilizabe kuwonjezeka mwachangu kuyambira Juni chaka chatha. Mwa zina, kuchuluka kwa zakunja komwe kumayambitsidwa chifukwa chakubwezeretsanso kapangidwe kake ndikugwiritsanso ntchito chuma m'maiko aku Europe ndi America kwapangitsa kuti China itulutse kunja.

Kuwonjezeka kwakukulu pakulowetsa zida zazikuluzikulu zopangira

Chuma chakunyumba chikuyenda bwino mosalekeza, ndipo PMI yopanga mafakitale ikupita patsogolo ndipo ikufota kwa miyezi 12. Bungweli limayembekezera zabwino zamtsogolo, zomwe zimalimbikitsa kuyitanitsa magawo ophatikizika, zopangira zamagetsi monga dera lophatikizidwa, miyala yachitsulo ndi mafuta osakomoka. Komabe, kusinthasintha kwakukulu kwamitengo yapadziko lonse lapansi yazinthu zosiyanasiyana kumayambitsanso kusintha kwakukulu pamitengo yazinthuzi China ikazitumiza kunja.

Malinga ndi kafukufuku wa General Administration of Customs, m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino, China idatumiza matani 82 miliyoni achitsulo, kuwonjezeka kwa 2.8%, mtengo wowerengera wa 942.1 Yuan, wokwera 46.7%; mafuta osakonzedwa ochokera kunja adafika matani miliyoni 89.568, kuwonjezeka kwa 4.1%, ndipo mtengo wowerengera kunja udali yuan 2470.5 pa toni, kutsika 27.5%, zomwe zidapangitsa kutsika kwa 24.6% pamitengo yonse yotumizira.

Mavuto azakudya zapadziko lonse lapansi adakhudzanso China. Malinga ndi General Administration of Customs, China idatumiza madera ophatikizika a 96.4 biliyoni m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino, pamtengo wokwanira 376.16 biliyoni yuan, ndikuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa 36% ndi 25.9% kuchuluka ndi kuchuluka kwake poyerekeza ndi zomwezo nyengo chaka chatha.

Pankhani yotumiza kunja, chifukwa chakuti mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi sunaphulike munthawi yomweyi chaka chatha, kutumizidwa kwa zida zamankhwala ndi zida ku China m'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka chino kunali yuan 18.29 biliyoni, kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa 63.8% poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi chaka chatha. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa China idatsogolera pakuwongolera moyenera kwa COVID-19, kuyambiranso ndikupanga foni yam'manja kunali kwabwino, ndipo kutumizidwa kwama foni akunja, zida zapanyumba ndi magalimoto zidakwera kwambiri. Pakati pawo, kutumizira mafoni kwam'manja kudakwera ndi 50%, ndipo kutumizidwa kwa zida zapanyumba ndi magalimoto kudafika 80% ndi 90% motsatana.

Huojianguo adasanthula mpaka padziko lonse lapansi kuti chuma cha China chikupitilirabe patsogolo, kudalitsika pamsika ndikubwezeretsa mabizinesi kunali koyenera, chifukwa chake kugula kwa zida zazikuluzikulu kudakulirakulira. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa mliriwu kunja ukukulalikirabe ndipo mphamvu sizingabwezeretsedwe, China ikupitilizabe kutenga nawo gawo popanga zinthu zapadziko lonse lapansi, ndikuthandizira mwamphamvu kuthana ndi mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi.

Mkhalidwe wakunja ukadali wowopsa

General Administration of Customs of China ikukhulupirira kuti malonda aku China akunja atsegula zitseko zawo m'miyezi iwiri yapitayi, zomwe zatsegula poyambira chaka chonse. Kafukufukuyu akuwonetsa kuti kutumizira kunja kwa mabungwe aku China omwe atumiza kunja kwawonjezeka m'zaka zaposachedwa, kuwonetsa chiyembekezo chotsimikizika pazotumiza kunja kwa miyezi 2-3 ikubwerayi. Bloomberg akukhulupirira kuti kupita patsogolo kwa China komwe kwatumizidwa kunja kwathandizira kuthandizira kuchira kwa China ku mliri wofanana ndi V ndikupangitsa China kukhala dziko lokhalo lomwe likukula pachuma chachikulu padziko lapansi mu 2020.

Pa Marichi 5, lipoti lantchito yaboma linanena kuti chiwopsezo chakukula kwachuma ku China kwa 2021 chidakhazikitsidwa kuposa 6 peresenti. Huojianguo adati kutumizira kunja kwa China kudakwera kwambiri m'miyezi iwiri yapitayi chifukwa choti kutumizidwa kunja kudaphatikizidwa mu GDP, kuyala maziko olimba pokwaniritsa cholinga cha chaka chonse.

Novel coronavirus pneumonia ikufalikira padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo zinthu zosakhazikika komanso zosatsimikizika mdziko lonse lapansi zikuchulukirachulukira. Mavuto azachuma padziko lonse lapansi ndi ovuta komanso ovuta. Malonda akunja aku China akukulabe pang'onopang'ono. Huweijun, woyang'anira zachuma ku China ku Macquarie, bungwe lazachuma, akuneneratu kuti kukula kwa China kotumiza kunja kudzachepa m'miyezi ingapo ikubwerayi chaka chino pamene mayiko otukuka ayambiranso kupanga mafakitale.

"Zomwe zimakhudza kutumizidwa kwa China ndi izi mwina ndikuti pambuyo poti matenda awonongedwa moyenera, mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zibwezerezedwanso ndipo zomwe China itumiza kunja zitha kutsika." Kusanthula kwa Huojianguo kunati monga dziko lalikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi lopanga zinthu kwa zaka 11 motsatizana, makina athunthu ku China komanso kupikisana kwambiri pakupanga sikungapangitse kutumizidwa kwa China kutuluka kwambiri mu 2021.


Post nthawi: Apr-12-2021